History
     
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AUTOMATON

  • Mechanical device which, with its movements, imitates the particular life of a person, plant or thing.
  • Moving sculpture (Decamps).
  • Alive machines.
  • Artificial creatures which move themselves.

 

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Human beings are also automatons, genetically programmed robots provided with a sophisticated technology: knee-pans and tendons, brawny blowers, calibrated balance-beams, sounding bits,...

Wizard apprentices, obsessed with the achievement of knowing the mystery of life.

 

 
 
 
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ORIGINS
 

* The first references to automatons date from 400 BC, when Heron of Alexandria writes a book about the making of machines and androids

 
* In the Middle Ages there are many warriors, bell players, talking heads and mobile images and series of pictures
 
* In XVIII, automatons take advantage of the huge technological development of watch machinery to empower its own breed, becoming the expensive and unique toys of European courts
 
* The golden age of these mechanic-musical devices goes from 1850 to the beginning of XX, with names as essential as Decamps, Lambert, Vichy and Phalibois
 
* Automatons become most important when they are taken to museums and antiquarians' showcases and most popular when installed in fair barracks, so called CONTINOUS MOVEMENT MECHANICAL THEATRES
     
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Spanish mechanical theatres, a great sample of Mediterranean popular art, have gone through fairs all over the country since 1920

  • PABELLÓN ARTÍSTICO (Artistic Pavilion), Valle family, from Alicante
  • ESPECTÁCULOS ROCA, 1920. Magic, music and automatons exhibition
  • HOLLYWOOD, Antonio Plá, from Canals, Valencia. This was the only survivor of this kind of shows. The Simó family, from Águilas, Murcia, got it and called the show HOLLYWOOD and kept taking it all over Spain until 1992

 

 

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Ampliar imagen
Ampliar imagen
Ampliar imagen
1947
Espectáculos ROCA
Antonio Plá, Constructor
 
 

 

In October 1992, Gonzalo Cañas undertakes the recovering and restoring of the barrack HOLLYWOOD and, following theatre archaeology criteria, carries out its total recovery, offering again its full of genuine taste and nowadays unique show at the most representative cultural events in Spain and Europe, getting its current name:

TEATRO DE AUTÓMATAS
(AUTOMATON THEATRE)

 

 
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Restoring
 

 

Its mechanic actors have gone all over Spain and played their role for more than 100,000 hours

 

 
 
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